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Ujung Kulon National Park

Ujungkulon National Park is situated at the Southwestern tip of the island of Java, in the administrative district of Pandeglang regency of the Province of West Java. Geographically, it is situated just below 6 degrees latitude south and between 102 and 105 degrees longitude east.

The park consists of several geographic areas. These areas the triangular shaped Ujungkulon peninsula with its adjacent island of Handeuleum and Peucang, the Gunung Honje Range to the east, and the large island of Panaitan make up the 76,214 hectare land area of the park. The surrounding sea and corals reefs contribute a further 44,337 hectares to the total 120,551 hectares of Ujungkulon National Park.

Ujungkulon is also an important area for scientific, research, tourism and recreation. As Indonesia's leading park, this park is a world heritage site and the habitat of the endangered java rhinoceros, holds a rich and diverse wilderness of high conservation value.

The park has a wide variety of vegetation with tropical primary rain forest, lowland forest, mangroves, freshwater swamp, and coastal vegetation. Within these is a great diversity of flowering and fruiting plants.

The diversity can also be seen in its wildlife. Over 310 species have been recorded including mammals, reptiles, birds and numerous insects, with possibly many insect species still to be discovered. The reefs and surroundings seas are rich in corals, shell life, and colorful fish that thrive in the warm, clear water of the park.

Ujungkulon National Park has a tropical maritime climate with an average annual rainfall off 3,140 mm. Recorded at Tanjung Layar. During April to October the monthly rainfall averages 150 mm, with the driest months being July to September. The wetter season from November to March is caused by the west winds. Throughout the year the temperature ranges from 25 to 30 degrees with the humidity generally between 80 - 90%.


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ujung kulon national park