Kulon National Park
Ujungkulon National Park is situated at the Southwestern tip of the island
of Java, in the administrative district of Pandeglang regency of the Province
of West Java. Geographically, it is situated just below 6 degrees latitude
south and between 102 and 105 degrees longitude east.
The park consists of several geographic areas. These areas the triangular
shaped Ujungkulon peninsula with its adjacent island of Handeuleum and
Peucang, the Gunung Honje Range to the east, and the large island of Panaitan
make up the 76,214 hectare land area of the park. The surrounding sea
and corals reefs contribute a further 44,337 hectares to the total 120,551
hectares of Ujungkulon National Park.
Ujungkulon is also an important area for scientific, research, tourism
and recreation. As Indonesia's leading park, this park is a world heritage
site and the habitat of the endangered java rhinoceros, holds a
rich and diverse wilderness of high conservation value.
The park has a wide variety of vegetation with tropical primary rain forest,
lowland forest, mangroves, freshwater swamp, and coastal vegetation. Within
these is a great diversity of flowering and fruiting plants.
The diversity can also be seen in its wildlife. Over 310 species have
been recorded including mammals, reptiles, birds and numerous insects,
with possibly many insect species still to be discovered. The reefs and
surroundings seas are rich in corals, shell life, and colorful
fish that thrive in the warm, clear water of the park.
Ujungkulon National Park has a tropical maritime climate with an average
annual rainfall off 3,140 mm. Recorded at Tanjung Layar. During April
to October the monthly rainfall averages 150 mm, with the driest months
being July to September. The wetter season from November to March is caused
by the west winds. Throughout the year the temperature ranges from 25
to 30 degrees with the humidity generally between 80 - 90%.
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