Indonesian Unique Animals

Komodo Dragon
The Komodo dragon is the world largest lizard, weighting in at about fifty kilograms and measuring almost three meters long. A real throw back to the dinosaurs, the Komodo Dragon is the meat eater usually found in open, arid coastal  savannah areas, particularly on the the islands of Komodo, Padar and Rinca in the East Nusa Tenggara. They move like sprinters and their saliva is poisonous, so don’t get too friendly!  Komodo National Park

Orangutan is the one, the only and the largest tree living mammal in the world. There are two sub species, one inhabiting parts of the North Sumatra, which is Pongo abelii in Latin. The other (Pongo pygmaeus) in Kalimnatan (including the Malaysian states of Sabah and Sarawak). Orangutans are endangered due to poaching and habitat loss. Their habitat have been reduced by more than 20 % in the last 20 years, and it is estimated that we have lost about1/3 of the wild population in the last 4 years. Orangutan rehabilitation in Tanjung Puting National Park

One of the world’s smallest primates, the Tarsier grows to a whopping 20 cm (including tail) and is found all over the island of Sulawesi. The tarsier’s bulbous and large eyes help them to feed at night. Jumping from tree to tree, the tarsier can cover up to a kilometer every night in search of insects to eat. Tarsiers, knowing the importance of “family values”, from long- term monogamous mating pairs. Family unity is reinforced through a duet song that is sung every evening site to hunt.

Javan Rhino
The protected yet endangered Javan Rhino is 1,7 meter tall, 3 meters long and weighs more than two tons. With its sharp sense of smell and running speed matching any man, the Javan Rhino constantly evades people. Highly mobile, it can trek 20 km a day in the low land and thick jungle. Its body shape and thick skin enable it to penetrate dense bushes. Ujung Kulon National park is the last habitat of the species, in Latin called Rhinoceros sondaicus. In 1992 the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) declared the nature reserve as a World Heritage Site.

Javan Eagle
The distinguishing feature  of the Javan Hawk-eagle (spizaetus bartelsi) from other haws in the Accipitridae family is its prominent crest. Because of its rarity and appearance, the species was adopted as Indonesia’s national bird, and a symbol of threatened  species. In the Javan Hawk-eagle is protected by Indonesian law and classified as an “Endangered” species according to the IUCN threat criteria The bird is endemic to Java. The normal nesting habitat and territories frequented throughout the year are the inaccessible, rugged, tropical lowland evergreen forests and lower and upper rain forests.

Birds of Paradise
“They are wanderer fro Paradise”, the people of Tidore evasively told the Portuguese sea captain, El Cano, in 1512, when he enquired as to the source of the exquisite feathers they showed him.  New Guinea is synonymous with birds-of paradise. A few species extend to the northern rainforest of Australia  and two species occur on Halmahera in Maluku, but the island of New Guinea supports 38 species, 30 of which may be encountered in Irian Jaya. The Greater and Lesser Birds-of Paradise, with their long, fluffy, golden flank plumes and group display, perhaps epitomize the popular image of the species. The family is actually quite varied, which causing illegal poaching in terms of economic income from the bird-of-paradise plumes.

There can be no doubt that as an archipelago, Indonesia is fortunate to have six of the seven species marine turtles. Almost all coastal areas in Indonesia are known to be visited or used to be visited by marine turtles. Many remote beaches    are frequently visited by these magnificent creatures  The rapid decrease of marine turtle population in Indonesia has raised great concern at international level. Therefore, conservation measures at all level by various stakeholders are gradually intensifying. Ecotourism is one important option that would help the long-term survival of marine turtle in Indonesia.

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